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STRONG VERBS CLASS VI
The strong verbs of the 6th class have the stem vowel /a/, which turns into /e/ when i-umlauted. In the preterite tense it changes into /ó/ in both the singular and the plural. In the perfect it turns back to /a/.
The origin of this verb class is a little uncertain, but it seems to have been either a short /a/ or /o/ in the present tense and the perfect participle, and either a long /a:/ or /o:/ in the PIE perfect tense. This gives us the ON vowel alternation /a/-/o:/-/o:/-/a/.
For the origin of the inflexional endings, see the "strong endings" page.
© Peter Pettersson