· strong endings · strong class I · strong class II · strong class III · strong class IV · strong class V · strong class VI · strong class VII (reduplicated) · weak class 1 · weak class 2 · weak class 3 · weak class 4 · preterito-presentic verbs · the copula · the medio-passive inflexion ·
STRONG VERBS CLASS III
The strong verbs of the 3rd class have several different stem vowels. Before an /n/ or /m/ it's /i/, before other consonants it's usually /e/ but sometimes also the diphtong /ja/ or /já/, and in a few verbs it's /y/ or /ø/.
These verbs all once had a nasal or liquid after the vowel, followed by an other consonant. The /e/ in the present tense stem either remained unchanged or was broken into /ja/. This /ja/ could be lengthened by certain consonant combinations, like in hjálpa < hjalpa < helpan.
For the origin of the inflexional endings, see the "strong endings" page.
© Peter Pettersson