Tétouan or Tetuán, city, northern Morocco, on the Mediterranean Sea, near Tangier. In an agricultural district and linked to other points in Morocco by railway, Tétouan is a market center for grain, citrus fruit, livestock, handicrafts, and truck produce. Chief manufactures are tobacco products, soap, matches, flour products ,textiles, and building materials. Fish canning, printing, and cabinetmaking are the primary industries. Tetouan traces its origins back to3rd century B.C. Then it was a settlement called Tamouda which existed until 42A.D. when it was destroyed by Roman armies. The city was founded in the 14th century, destroyed about 1400 by Castilians, and rebuilt in the 15th century by Muslim refugees from Spain. It was the capital of Spanish Morocco from 1913 to 1956. Population 364,725.