Lists of plants
Gardens to visit
||Their life is short, but intensive in
colours, fragrances and shapes.
Annual plant life cycle is completed within one
season, from a seed placed in the soil in the
spring to fully blooming plant in the summer,
followed later by seed cups full of seeds.
Their life in the summer can be extended by removal
of early seed cups, what results in more intensive
If you wish to collect some seeds and have them for
next seasons, leave few seed cups anyway!
Absolutely my favourite - calendula. No summer
without them in the garden. They light up the
garden, flower very long, until late autum (here
September). Are reach in colours available in light
yellow, deep orange, even pink...
I collect the flowers during sunny summer days and
dry them for my tea for winter. This has two
effects: extends calendula's flowering and gives me
flowers for further use. I also prepare fresh tea,
good for the stomach.
I mix calendulas with vegetables, plant them on the
edges of flower beds (in large amounts...)
Eschscholzia sp. (Californian poppy) - another of my favourites. Available in orange,
pink, white. Self seeding and drought resistant. By
removing seed cups which forms very quickly,
flowering can be extended until late summer.
Papaver sp. (Poppy) - remainds me of wild poppies
growing in the fields in my homeland, Poland. This
is also a "must" in my garden every summer. Even
though they flower so rapidly and do not last
really long (removal of seed cups will not help in
this case). Seed cups are very decorative in the
garden and also I use them in flower
Sweet peas - Planted in different parts of the
garden, for the scent and colour. For bouquets and
decorations. I take away most of seed pods which
are formed to stimulate their flowering. I grow most
simple of them, since when trying varieties like Lazure Blue, the result
was not so good.
||Sunflowers - yes, they are possible to grow up in
the northern Sweden if starting rather early by
growing them at home (risk that stems became way too
long) or in the green house.
Otherwise our vegetation season is too short. Also, I have tried different varieties, but
the most simple one grows the best. More luck with
sunflowers in the sunny and dry summer and on the
well fertilized spot.
||How do I grow annuals in northern Sweden?
For flowers a bit ealier in the season, I grow many
at home, starting in the middle of April. Even
though snow is often still outside, and the
temperatures during days are not higher than 2-5°C.
Obtain soil suitable for seed germination (sandy and containing not
too much of nutrition)
Place carefulluy seeds in plant boxes or small
pots. Bigger the seed, more ground is needed to
I place all the pots and boxes in the darkness
(in our storage place), where temperature is around
20°C (this will not work for seeds which require
light to initiate germination, but these are
I check boxes every day, and when first
seedlings are showing up, I transfer them during day
to our outdoor balcony, where the temperature is
between 2-5°C during days.
Since there is frost during nights, I am taking
all the boxes and pots indoors again, where the
temperature is around 20°C.
Such a treatment allows germination and
initiate growing, without the risk for long stems
and small leafs (too warm but too little light). My
seedings will be already prepared for low night
temperatures (1-2°C) when planting them in the garden in
Photos & text by Joanna